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Our Guides
  • Sonam tsering (indigenous guide)

    I was born and grew up in Lhasa. For last six years experiences of been a tour guide, I came to realised that education counts, especially being a Tibetan……

  • Nyima (local tour guide)

    Nyima was born in a nomadic family in eastern part of Tibet. Nyima has been a tour guide for more than 8 years and he had travelled every corner in……

  • Sonam(local tour guide)

    HSonam was born in a small village in Lunchup County which is near by Lhasa. He studied 5 years in Tong Khar Language School in Lhasa, and got average 70 percent……

  • Pasang (local tour guide)

    Pasang was born in Lhasa, and she is reliable, highly motivated person with a light-hearted manner. She studied English in a language school in mainland for four years and got English guide license several years ago……

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    Mt. Kailash and Ngari Tours

    Lhasa to Ancient Kingdom Tour

    Price: from 0 USD

    Duration of the tour: 15 days and 14 nights

    Book your tour now:

      Tour overview: this tour package provides enough time for you to appreciate some of the most historical sites in the holy city of Tobet, to the famous holy mountain Kailash, and the ancient Guge Kingdom. This amazing tour allows you to appreciate the best of what Tibet has to offer. This adventure starts with a couple of days exploring the holy city Lhasa and the most of major monasteries and temples there, such as Jokhang temple, Sera Monastery, Drepung Monastery, and heritage site of the Potala Palace which is the landmark of the holy city. After a few days culture tour in Lhasa, you will head for the turquoise colored holy lake of Yamdrok before visiting the Gyantse town. After that, you will then explore the expansive Tashi Lhunpo Monastery in Shigatse. After Shigatse, you will start exploring the vast wilderness of Western Tibet starting in Saga. From Saga, you will get to the holy Lake Manasarovar. Then you will spend a day gazing out to Mt. Kailash which is the most famous holy mountain in Tibet. After Mt. Kailash, you have enough time to explore the ruins of the ancient Guge Kingdom. After exploring the ancient Kingdom, you will either back to Lhasa or to the Nepal border.

      Day 1:Arrive in Lhasa.

      When you arrive in Lhasa (3700m), your local Tibetan guide and driver will bring you to hotel and rest at hotel for acclimatization.

      Day 2: Visit Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple in the morning and Bakhor Street after noon.
      In the morning, your guide will bring you to visit the huge and magnificent complex of ancient buildings, breathtaking Potala Palace, which is the winter palace of the Dalai Lama, built in the 17th century by the fifth Dalai Lama. After that, we explore the Jokhang Temple, the most sacred monastery in Tibet, and the surrounding Barkhor bazaar, the bustling Lhasa market.

      Day 3: visit Drepung Monastery in the morning and Sera Monastery in the afternoon.

      In the morning, we go to explore the expansive Drepung Monastery which is the largest monastery in Tibet and the home monastery to all Dalai Lamas. We go to Sera Monastery to watch the special monks’ debate In the afternoon, the Monastery has a rich collection of cultural relics and a silk tangkha painting of Sakya Yeshe.

      Day 4: Lhasa-Gyangtse on the way you can pass the Yamdrok Lake, Karola, Palkhor Choede.
      In the early morning, you will start your journey toward south west, and you will see the breathtaking holy Yamdrok lake with its turquoise color and snow capped Mt. Nyenchen Khangsar in the distance, then continues drive along the lake for few kilometers get us to the lunch stop at Nagartse. On your way to Gyantse, you will see many magnificent valleys and small villages. After that, you have time to taking photo and enjoining the amazing scenery of holy Mt. Nyenchen Kangsar glacier when your car stops at Karo la (5150m). At Gyantse, visit Palkhor Choede monastery which is a magnificent multi-door structure and also is the largest stupa in Tibet.

      Day 5: Gyantse-Shigatse
      In the morning, you will depart Gyantse for Shigatse, after 1.5 hours driving, you will get to Shigatse (3840m) which is the second largest city in Tibet. In Shigatse, you will go to visit the expansive Tashilhunpo Monastery. At the same time, you can also hike the ancient pilgrim circuit along with hundreds of Tibetan worshippers.

      Day 6: Shigatse-Saga (450kms, around 7 hours)
      Today, you will depart Shigatse for Lhatse where you can visit the Lhatse Chode Monastery and explore the local Tibetan farming culture found in this small town. On the way to Saga (4490 meters), you will going through the nomadic regions of western Tibet, and your driver will stop the car at the turquoise colored waters of Ngamring Lake.

      Day 7: Saga-Paryang-Lake Manasarovar (485 kms, around 8 hours)
      Today you will go through vast expanses of grasslands that are home to yaks and sheep before arriving in Paryang (4590 meters). Aftertat, you will arrive holy lake Manasarovar (4590 meters) which is one of the most famous and important pilgrimage destinations for Tibetans and Hindu’s from India and Nepal. Along the way, you can see holy mountain Kailash in the distance.

      Day 8: Lake Manasarovar-Darchen 35kms, 1hour
      In the early morning after having a simple breakfast, you will head for Darchen which is the starting point of the trek around Mt. Kailash. From Darchen, you will take a short trek to Gyangdrak Monastery where has a great view of Mt. Kailash.

      Day 9: Darchen-Zanda (290kms, around 6 hours)
      Today, you will depart Darchen for the ancient Guge Kingdom. On your way to the ancient Guge Kingdom, you will see some small herding villages and enjoy the unique landscape of western Tibet.

      Day 10: Zanda and the Guge Kingdom (36kms, around 1 hour)
      Today, you will have enough time to explore the ancient Kingdom of Guge which is located at Tsaparang. This mysterious place is nearly 1200 years old and is one of the wonders of western Tibet.

      Day 11: Zanda-Lake Manasarovar (320kms, around 7 hours)
      After a full day exploring of the ancient Guge Kingdom, you will start your trip of backing to Lhasa (or to the Nepal border).

      Day 12: Manasarovar-Saga (485 kms, around 8 hours)
      In the early morning after having a simple breakfast, you will depart Lake Manasarovar for Saga, much of the route will follow the banks of the Brahmaputra River while gazing out to sand dunes and snow covered peaks in the distance.

      Day 13: Saga-Shigatse 450 kms, around 7 hours (option of going to Nepal border)
      Today, you will continue your journey of going back to the holy city Lhasa. Stay overnight in Shigatse.

      Day 14: Shigatse-Lhasa (260kms, around 5 hours)
      After some hours of driving toward Lhasa city, you will arrive back in in Lhasa at afternoon and there is enough time for you to explore to the fun streets of the Barkhor and Old Lhasa and stay one more night in the holy city.

      Day 15: send off from Lhasa to train or airport.

      On the final day, your driver and guide will send you to Lhasa train station or airport.

      Please see the detail information about what are included in this tour package:

      This tour package includes all of your Tibet Entry Permits which you need for traveling around Tibet (Tibet Permits).


      Transfer fee: transfer fee from airport or train station to Lhasa and from Lhasa to airport or train station (land cruiser or mini bus),and transfer fee of traveling to the places which are listed in your itinerary.

      Admission fee:admission fee of all tourist sites which are listed in your itinerary.

      Tour guide: English speaking local Tibetan guide with national guide license.

      Hotels: clean and comfortable 3 star hotel with sharing twin room accommodation when your stay in Lhasa,Shanna, Shigatse and hotels in other places list in the itinerary (The conditions of hotels in some remote places, such as Sakya, Everest Base Camp, Tingri, and Zhangmu are not as good as hotels in some major cities of Tibet.

      Our agency service charge:salary of driver, tour guide, vehicle.

      Oxygen:supplied in your car and mineral water.

      Meals:breakfast is included in your tour package.

      Travel insurance:please be aware that travel insurance in here is very limited. Hence, our agency highly recommends our customers buy their travel insurance in their own countries before you come to Tibet, and most of tourists also do so.

      Please see the detail information about what are excluded in this tour package:

      International Travel Insurance:International Travel Insurance is not included in our tour package (we highly recommend you to buy international travel insurance which covers tour cancellation & emergency evacuation from your own country before you come to Tibet since the Tourist Accident & Casualty insurance which provided by travel agency in here is very limited.

      Meals: Lunch and dinner are not included in your tour package.

      Flight and train tickets: the costs of Flight and train tickets are not included in your tour package.

      Visa & Permits

      China Visa:China Visa is required for applying your Tibet Travel Permits. For those who hold Singapore, Brunei and Japan passport is no visa required to visit China for up to 15 days for travel or visiting relatives etc. Chinese Visa can be applied from Chinese embassies and consulates in your locality and must be obtained for applying your Tibet Travel Permit. Please kindly check your regional Chinese Embassy website. Please do not mention you are going to Tibet when you apply Chinese Visa, otherwise your visa may be denied by Chinese embassy. You can write down the name of any city in China as your travel destination when you apply your Chinese visa.

      Tibet Permits:All the application for obtaining Tibet Travel Permit should be submitted 15-20 days before your expected travel starting date. Your travel agency can apply for the permit for entering Tibet once you got your Chinese visa. Scanned copy of Chinese visa and information page of passport are needed to be sent to our tour agency once you confirmed your trip with us. Your travel agency will send a scanned Tibet Travel Permit to you if you travel by train to Tibet and original Tibet Travel Permits to your hotel in China if you travel by flight to Tibet since the original permit is required if you come to Tibet by flight rather than train. Different documents are required for applying your Tibet Permits in terms of the type of Chinese Visa that you hold.If you hold ‘L’ visa (tourist visa), please kindly email us clear scanned copy of your information page of passport and your Chinese visa around 25 days before you arrive in China and we can help you to apply your Tibet Travel Permit.If you hold ‘F’ (visiting) or ‘Z’ (business) visa, please kindly email us clear scanned copy of your information page of passport, your Chinese visa, and a recommendation letter from your company, and please be aware that if you hold business visa, then please send us your work permit as well.If you hold ‘D’ visa (permanent residence), please send us photo copy of your passport, Working Permit and Residence Permit.If you hold ‘X’ visa (student visa), please send us photo copy of information page of your passport, Chinese visa, the recommendation letter from your school with stamp for certifying your are currently studying in China and a scanned copy of your student ID card.Tibet Permits include Tibet Travel Permit, Alien’s Travel Permit & Military Allowance. Tibet travel permit often be issued by Tibet Tourism Bureau (hereinafter we call it TTB) if you, as a tourist, go to Tibet only for a tour.A second permit or travel document is also needed after you arrive in Tibet and you want to travel to places out of Tibet Travel Permit limit (you should list these places in your itinerary before you apply your Tibet Travel Permit & it only takes around one working day to be issued). This is called Alien’s Travel Permit and the permit can only be obtained from Foreign Affairs Division, Public Security Bureau Tibet and your tour agency will help you get it when you are in Tibet.

      Alien’s Travel Permit is need if you travel to regions below: Tsedang: Samye Monastery, Tomb of Tibetan King, Trundruk Monastery, YumbulakhangShigatse: Sakya Monastery, Mt.

      Everest, Rongbuk MonasteryGyangtse: Pelkor Chode Monastery & Kubum Stupa

      Ngari Region: Mt.Kailash, Lake Manasarovar, Tsaparang, Years, ect.

      Nyingchi Region: Basum-tso, Pomi, Rawo-tso, ect.

      Chamdo Region: Chamdo, Riwoche, Tengchen, ect.

      The third kinds of permit are called Military Allowance & Foreign Affaire Permit:which often can be issued by the concerning military offices & Foreign Affairs offices. If the places you will travel to under the military control, you have to get the permit and your travel agency will tell you which places you need to apply this kind of permit.

      Sensitive border, such as Mt Kailas, eastern Tibet, Mt. Everest…require a military permit and a foreign-affairs permit. These will also be arranged by our travel agency one month before you enter Tibet. It normally takes around 20 working days to get them all. Hence, you should inform contact your tour agency earlier and the sensitive areas you are going to travel to also should be listed in your itinerary. Please be aware that you need to send your itinerary before you apply Tibet Travel Permit and any traveller cannot book flight ticket or train ticket to Tibet without the Permit. And the permit will clearly lists every destination that you would visit in Tibet and this list cannot be change once you arrived in Tibet. Hence, please provide every destination you would visit in Tibet before you make decision about your trip plan. For those who hold Singapore, Brunei and Japan passport is no visa required to visit China for up to 15 days for travel or visiting relatives etc. However, they still have to apply Tibet Travel Permit for travelling around Tibet Autonomous Region and photo copy of information page of passport and travel itinerary also should be sent to a local tour agency in Tibet. Things needing attention when you travel in Tibet.

      1. You’d better buy travel accident insurance before setting out so that you would get assistance in time if any accidents occur.

      2. The temperature difference between day and night in Tibet is big and the weather is changeable. Please put on extra clothes or put off them accordingly. The temperature is low in the evening at high altitude, so it's necessary to wear down coats. Car will bump along the land stirring dust, so it would be better to prepare masks.

      3. Namtso Lake is at an altitude of 4714 meters . You might develop altitude sickness in different extents. Please take some anti-fatigue medicines like Herba Rhodiolae or Gaoyuanan in advance. Good rest is needed and alcohol as well as strenuous exercise should be avoided.

      4. In the area of high altitude, due to dry weather, thin air as well as the reflection of snow ground and water surface, ultraviolet radiation is very strong. A high SPF sunscreen and a pair of sunglasses should be prepared.

      Potala Palace

      Potala Palace is located on the Red Hill in the northwest of Lhasa. And it is a famous architectural complex made up of palaces, castles and temples which are the essence of Tibetan ancient architectural art.The Potala Palace was built in the seventh century. A palace of 999 rooms, it was built at an altitude of over 3,700 meters on the Red Hill of Lhasa. The palace, which was built on the hill, now covers 410,000 square meters and its architecture area is 130,000 square kilometers. The main building of the palace has 13 floors and is 115 meters high. It is all stone-wood structure. All the five roofs of palace are covered by gold-plating brasses tiles. It is the essence of Tibetan ancient architecture art.The main structure of Potala Palace is the White Palace and the Red Palace. The White Palace is the Winter Palace of Dalai Lama. It also used to be the past Tibet local government office. There are seven storeys in this building. Tsoqinsha Hall is located on the centre of the fourth floor. It is the largest palace in the Potala Palace White House, whose area is 717 square meters. And it is the place to hold important religious and political activities such as Dalai Lama enthrones and attends grand ceremonies. Rooms on the fifth and sixth floors are for the regent to work and live. The seventh floor, on the top of the White Palace, has two living rooms for Dalai Lama during the winter. Because of the sunny weather all day, they are called East Sunlight Hall and West Sunlight Hall, respectively. The Red Palace, mainly consisting of the chapels for Dalai Lamas’ stupas and all kinds of Buddhist chapels, contains eight stupas which keep the relics of past Dalai Lamas. Among them, the stupa for fifth Dalai Lama is the biggest. In the west is great west hall, the memorial hall of the stupa for fifth Dalai Lama Hall. It is also the biggest hall in the Potala Palace, which covers an area of 725 square meters and there are all frescoes on its inner walls. The thirteenth Dalai Lama’s tomb stupa temple is the latest building in the Potala Palace, which starting in 1933, costing 3 years to be built. During more than 1,300 years, the Potala Palace has collected extremely rich historical and cultural relics and kept them in storage. Among them, there are murals of more than 2,500 square meters, nearly a thousand stupas, tens of thousands of statues and Thangkha (scroll paintings); also, there are valuable scriptures collections like Pattra-leaf scriptures and Kangyur via; There are numerous and various cultural relics, including golden books, golden and jade seals, porcelains, enamels, brocades, crafts, and gold, silver and jade articles.In addition, there are wall paintings on all walls of the palace, Buddhist prayer rooms and passages of the Potala Palace and various relief sculptures around there. Most of the murals and sculptures are bright and colorful, which are mainly themed by plateau scenery, historical tales, stories of Buddhism and construction scenes of the Potala Palace, etc. And they are of highly historical and artistic values.

      Jokhang Temple

      The Jokhang Temple is in the center of the old urbanarea of Lhasa, which has a history of over 1,350 years. Legend has it thatwhere Jokhang Temple locates was originally a lake. Songtsen Gampo once made apromise to Princess Bhrikuti at the lakeside that he would build a Buddha hallwhere his ring fell. Unexpectedly, the ring happened to fall into the lakebefore it was suddenly covered by light, reflecting a white nine-story pagoda.Then, a huge project was started by thousands of white goats transporting soilto build the temple. Jokhang Temple has undergone the construction for overthree years, and it was named “Rasa Zulagkhang” to commemorate contributionsfrom those white goats, because in Tibetan language “ra” meant “goat” and “sa”meant “soil”, Zulagkhang meaning scripture hall, full name meaning thescripture hall which was built from soil transported by white goats. Theprecious image of the 12-year old Buddha Shakyamuni statue is consecrated inthe Jokhang Temple. Every year, tens of thousands of Buddhists from far andnear, come to Lhasa only for paying their religious homage to this statue,which got a consecration by Shakyamuni in person when he was alive.

      Sera Monastery

      Sera Monastery is one of three famous monasteries in Tibetalong with the Drepung Monastery and the Ganden Monastery. It is the latestbuilt building among three Monasteries. The Sera Monastery, located at the footof Tatipu Hill in the northern suburb of Lhasa City, is one of the three majormonasteries of the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. It was built in 1419, themonastery means “Wild Rose Monastery” in Tibetan language. There is a mainhall, three Dratsang (college) and 29 khumtsen (dormitory of monks). There areover 5,500 monks at most. The monastery still keeps over ten thousand of vajraBuddha, most of which are made locally in Tibet. Many of them are copper statueof Buddha brought from mainland or India. Main hall and walls of other monkdormitories and chapels maintain a lot of original color murals. There are Jie,Me, and Nga-pa three scripture halls and colleges. Sera Je College is thelargest college where the monks study the Sutras. Sera Me College is the nextlargest college, where the monks study medicine. The third college is SeraNgag-pa College, the Tantric College. There are more than 9,000 Buddhist monksin that temple during the golden age. Sera Monastery did not suffer fromserious destruction in her history.

      Yamdrok Lake

      Yamdrok Lake, “swan pool” in Tibetan language, is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet. Elevation of the lake-surface is 4441 meters. The lake is 130 kilometers long from east to west and 70 kilometers wide from north to south. The lake shoreline is 250 kilometers in length, and the total area of the lake is 638 square kilometres. The average depth of the lake is 20 to 40 meters. It is the largest inland lake in the area of northern peaks of the Himalayas. There are many forks in Yamdrok Lake, which seem like coral branches, so it is also called “Coral Lake above”. More than ten small islands distributed in the lake. The large ones can hold five to six households, while the small ones are only hundreds of square meters. After climbing over the Khambala which is almost 5030 meters high, you get through its pass and tread straight down upon a road, along which it i takes you about 30 minutes to get to the Yamdrok Lake. On this road you will get a perfect angle of view of Yamdrok, since alongside the road are quite a few viewing platforms where you can stop and take pictures. Yamdrok is a low density salt lake. Its freeze-up period begins in the middle of November every year and the ice thickness can reach up to half a meter. The lake abounds in fishes such as Brachymystax Lenok, Tibetan Schizopygopsis, and Gymnocypris waddelli. Here is also the maximum waterfowl habitat in southern Tibet. Every winter, the birds will migrate southward here and there are a great many swans, water pigeons, yellow ducks, fish eagles and spotted eagles around the lake shore and central island areas. There are also plenty of famouse peaks at the west of Yamdrok Lake, such as Khangsong Lhamu Peak and Shegangsu Peak, etc.

      Pelkor Chode Monastery

      Pelkor Chode Monastery was initially built in Gyangtse, in the 15 century (about 1428), which took 10 years for completion. It is a classic Tibetan Buddhism temple with natural integration of pagoda and monastery. The monastery and the pagoda are an integral whole, which adds radiance to each other. It fully embodies the classic pattern of Tibetan monasteries dated back to the 13th to the middle and later period of the 15th century. Pelkor Chode monastery is the temple of 3 major coexisting sects: Sakya, Kadampa, and Gelug sect of Tibetan Buddhism. It now contains 16 Dratsang (monk dormitory). This gives it a special status and influence in the Tibetan Buddhism history. There is a world-famous Pelkor Pagoda in Pelkor monastery. Its formal name is “Bodhi Pagoda”. The pagoda is called “Pelkor Chode”.The Pelkor Chode was firstly established by Rabten Kunzang and the first Panchen Lama, Khedrup Je., in 1418. The Pelkor Chode has a good reputation of "hundreds of thousands of buddha pagodas". The Palcho Temple is extraordinarily charming because of this pagoda. The Palcho Pogoda is not an ordinary pagoda. It has about hundreds of chapels overlapping each other. The pagoda, with 9 levels, is over 32 meters high. There are 77 Buddha halls, 108 doors, shrines and scripture halls, etc. It is a unique treasure in the history of Tibetan architecture. There are more than 100,000 Buddha figures painted in the palace hall, so it is called Hundreds of Thousands of Buddha Pagodas.

      Tashilhunpo Monastery

      Tashilhunpo Monastery was built by the disciple of Gelug’s founder Tsongkhapa, the 1st Dalai, Gendun Drup. It was initially constructed in 1447 AD, after successive Panchen lamas' renovation and expansion; the scale of the Monastery has expanded constantly. Up to now, it covers an area of 200,000 square meters.After entering the main gate of the temple, the biggest building in sight is the Tsochin Hall. Out of the hall is a yard surrounded by winding corridors, which is the lecture field of the temple. In the past, Panchen Lama often preached to the monks in the temple here and it was also the place where monks carried out the regional reply. In front of the main hall is the main scripture hall. In the center of the scripture hall locates the throne of the Panchen Lama. Of the three Buddha halls at the back of the scripture hall, Shakyamuni hall rests in the middle, Maitreya hall rests in the west side and Tara hall rests in the east side. In Sakyamuni hall, a more than 5-meter-high gilt bronze statue of Shakyamuni is worshiped. It is said that inside the statue there are the Shakyamuni’s relics, Tsongkhapa’s hair and the scull of Gedun Drupa’s scribe, Sherop sangyel. The mural paintings on the wall of the Monastery are mainly biographies, such as Buddha worship figure, the Eighteen Arhats map, etc. There are many kinds of precious cultural relics in the monastery, among which the portrait of the Emperor Qian Long from Qing Dynasty hung in “Jena Lhakang” and other cultural relics kept here are of higher value. The stupa of the fourth Panchen Lama, Lobsang qukyi has been repaired with the tower body wrapped with copper and inlaid with jade jewelry, brilliant and glittering. A panorama of Tashilhunpo monastery drawled in the form of “Thangkha” hangs in the foreign guest lounge of the monastery, which is the current production of the lama in this temple. These are all priceless treasures to study the civil religion and state as well as social development in every historical period of Tibet. Tashilhunpo Monastery adequately reveals the excellent construction art of Tibetan people, which attracts Buddhists and tourists at home and abroad worshiping and visiting here.

      Manasarovar (Mapam Yutso) Lake

      Manasarovar (Mapam Yutso), which means “invincible lake” in Tibetan, is 35 kilometers away from the east of Ngari Champlain County in Tibet and the south of Mount Kailash. With quite beautiful surroundings, it has been regarded as “the center of the world”by Buddhists since ancient time. As one of the three great “Mystery and Holy Lakes”in Tibet, it is also the maximum transparent fresh water lake in China. It is the source of four major rivers of Asia. With the lake-surface elevation of 4588 meters, the lake has an average depth of 46 meters, a maximum depth of 81.8 meters, and an area of 412 square kilometers. The lake is quite lucid, with the transparency of 14 meters. Believers think that, Manasarovar is manna that is granted from the Buddha. It can clean filthy in skin, wash out five evils in mind, and it also can prolong life. Therefore, all of the people coming to visit the lake will take a bath here, and then they will also take some water back from the lake, sending to families and friends as gifts.

      Mount Kailash

      Kailash, the main peak of the Gangdese Mountain, is 6714 meters above sea level. In Tibetan language, it means “Saint of the Snow”, but it is called “Kailash” in Indian language. Buddhists, Bonists and Hindus regard it as the “center of the world”. Heading north from India and crossing nine mountains, one can find “Big Snow Mountain”, underneath which is “Source of Four Rivers”. Snow Mountain is called “Dese” in Sanskrit. In history, “Big Snow Mountain” referred by Buddhist texts was regarded as the holy mountain-Gang Rinboche, and “Source of Four Rivers” referred to the holy lake- Manasarovar. Buddhists compare it to the center of the universe -- Mount Meru, and believe that it is the ashram of Sakyamuni. And in Hinduism, it is the incarnation and hall of Shiva. In Tibet, Buddhists believe that worshipping and circling the holy mountain one time can wash away all sins in life; worshipping ten times can avoid suffering in hell in a life cycle of 500 years; the one who worships for a hundred times will become a Buddha and go up to heaven. In the year of horse when Gods and Buddhas get together, circle the mountain one round is equal to thirteen rounds in ordinary years. Therefore, in every horse year, thousands of believers, men and women, the old and the young, gather around to sincerely pray to Buddha in order to accumulate blessings and contributions.
      Ngari Guge Ruins

      Ngari Guge Ruins, which is located on a mountain in Ngari Tadha county and covers an area of 180 thousand square meters, is only a little more than 10 kilometers away from Ngari Tadha county. With peculiar and magnificent buildings, delicate murals as well as the mysteries about the ancient Guge Kingdom attracting a large number of tourists to visit here, Guge ruins has become a hot tourist attraction of Tibet and also provides important materials for the historical study of the Guge Kingdom. From the middle of the tenth century to the early of the seventeenth century, the Guge Kingdom commandeered the area which is called Ngari in Tibet nowadays. It played an important role in spreading Buddhism and warding off invaders for Tibet in history. At that time, its ruling scope was already very extensive, reaching Rutog in the north, India in the south, Indian occupied Kashmir in the west, and Kailash foot in the east. Now, Guge ruins were used to be the capital city “Tsapurang” of Guge Kingdom. The region around the River Sutlej (lhangchen Tsangpo) basin was the ruling center at that time. The origin of the Guge Kingdom goes back to the end of 9th century. The powerful Tubo Dynasty declined rapidly as the last Tibetan Tsampo (Tsampo means the king) Langdarma was killed in the year of 823 AD. His descendants have fought against each other for their own interests for many years. Finally, the prince’s descendant Jigtan Nymagun was defeated and escaped to Ngari. The Burangtu King, ruler of the original Ngari, made a Jigten Nymagun king and betrothed his daughter to him. In the later years of Jigten Nymagun, he gave Shangshong to his youngest son became the first king of the Guge kingdom. Guge Dynasty reached its peak in the sixteenth century when economy, Buddhism, culture and art of Guge flourished. Many merchants gathered here with various commodities and inhabitants here lived and worked in peace and contentment. But just as the saying goes that things will develop in the opposite direction when they become extreme, the rich Guge was inevitably coveted by its neighboring countries, and as the domestic conflicts escalated, the Guge Empire began to decline. According to statistics on Guge ruins, the whole site has more than 300 houses, over 400 temples, 28 pagodas, 58 towers, 4 passages, 11 barns and nearly one thousand holes and caves. Until now, the reason why Guge Kingdom with the population of 100 thousand disappeared suddenly remains unknown. The top of the building is the imperial palace, below which are residences for military and political officials and barracks guards, and then some temples came after. The lowest parts are civilian residences. This arrangement is a reflection of the rigid hierarchy. Some temples and palaces are carved with exquisite murals. The most amazing thing was that people had to pass the gate looking like a mountain tunnel when going from the foot of the hill to the palace. The terrain which was easy to hold but hard to attack well protected the royal family. From July to September each year, it is a suitable time to visit the Ngari area when the weather and the scenery are both nice. The sunrise and sunset watching from the Guge ruins are very beautiful and very nostalgic.

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