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    I was born and grew up in Lhasa. For last six years experiences of been a tour guide, I came to realised that education counts, especially being a Tibetan……

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    Nyima was born in a nomadic family in eastern part of Tibet. Nyima has been a tour guide for more than 8 years and he had travelled every corner in……

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    Ngari Guge Ruins

      Ngari Guge Ruins, which is located on a mountain in Ngari Tadha county and covers an area of 180 thousand square meters, is only a little more than 10 kilometers away from Ngari Tadha county. With peculiar and magnificent buildings, delicate murals as well as the mysteries about the ancient Guge Kingdom attracting a large number of tourists to visit here, Guge ruins has become a hot tourist attraction of Tibet and also provides important materials for the historical study of the Guge Kingdom. From the middle of the tenth century to the early of the seventeenth century, the Guge Kingdom commandeered the area which is called Ngari in Tibet nowadays. It played an important role in spreading Buddhism and warding off invaders for Tibet in history. At that time, its ruling scope was already very extensive, reaching Rutog in the north, India in the south, Indian occupied Kashmir in the west, and Kailash foot in the east. Now, Guge ruins were used to be the capital city “Tsapurang” of Guge Kingdom. The region around the River Sutlej (lhangchen Tsangpo) basin was the ruling center at that time. The origin of the Guge Kingdom goes back to the end of 9th century. The powerful Tubo Dynasty declined rapidly as the last Tibetan Tsampo (Tsampo means the king) Langdarma was killed in the year of 823 AD. His descendants have fought against each other for their own interests for many years. Finally, the prince’s descendant Jigtan Nymagun was defeated and escaped to Ngari. The Burangtu King, ruler of the original Ngari, made a Jigten Nymagun king and betrothed his daughter to him. In the later years of Jigten Nymagun, he gave Shangshong to his youngest son became the first king of the Guge kingdom. Guge Dynasty reached its peak in the sixteenth century when economy, Buddhism, culture and art of Guge flourished. Many merchants gathered here with various commodities and inhabitants here lived and worked in peace and contentment. But just as the saying goes that things will develop in the opposite direction when they become extreme, the rich Guge was inevitably coveted by its neighboring countries, and as the domestic conflicts escalated, the Guge Empire began to decline. According to statistics on Guge ruins, the whole site has more than 300 houses, over 400 temples, 28 pagodas, 58 towers, 4 passages, 11 barns and nearly one thousand holes and caves. Until now, the reason why Guge Kingdom with the population of 100 thousand disappeared suddenly remains unknown. The top of the building is the imperial palace, below which are residences for military and political officials and barracks guards, and then some temples came after. The lowest parts are civilian residences. This arrangement is a reflection of the rigid hierarchy. Some temples and palaces are carved with exquisite murals. The most amazing thing was that people had to pass the gate looking like a mountain tunnel when going from the foot of the hill to the palace. The terrain which was easy to hold but hard to attack well protected the royal family. From July to September each year, it is a suitable time to visit the Ngari area when the weather and the scenery are both nice. The sunrise and sunset watching from the Guge ruins are very beautiful and very nostalgic.

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